November is National Diabetes Month. Diabetes is a disease in which the body is no longer able to carefully control blood glucose or sugar.
It is caused by a lack of or ceased production of insulin in the pancreas.
There are different types of diabetes.
Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes is considered to be the more severe form. This form is when the body destroys its own insulin-producing cells, causing glucose to build up in the blood. That can cause cells to starve. For this form, it usually develops in children and teenagers.
Type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes is more common, but it is less severe than Type 1. In this form, the body can produce insulin, but sometimes it’s not enough. Cells can also be closed off to the body’s own insulin causing insulin resistance. This is sometimes referred to as “adult onset” diabetes, sincie it typically develops after the age of 35.
Type 2 diabetes is often preventable. Dr. Satish Gadi from the Cardiovascular Institute of the South said Louisiana has more diabetes than some other states. Diet and lifestyle could be playing a role in that.
“It has to do with diet and lifestyle. In southern Louisiana with the diet and lifestyle, that’s a very common problem to have,” Gadi said.
For more information, visit the Cardiovascular Institute of the South.