BATON ROUGE, La. (BRPROUD) – One source states that arthritis affects at least one in six adults in Louisiana, and there is an especially painful form of arthritis that many men suffer from.

According to the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), gout affects nearly 9.2 million people in the U.S. and is more common in men and older people.

What is gout?

JAMA defines gout as a form of arthritis that’s caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the body.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), says symptoms of gout can include:

  • Pain that is usually intense
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Heat

The CDC adds that flares can last for days or weeks and often occur in only one joint at a time, usually the big toe, other toe joints, ankles, and knees. Such flares are followed by long periods of remission, according to the CDC.

If a person experiences pain that they suspect is gout, doctors typically diagnose gout based on a patient’s symptoms. But to be sure, they can also administer a joint fluid test, blood test, x-ray imaging, ultrasound, or dual-energy computerized tomography (DECT) to ensure an accurate diagnosis.

How is gout treated?

According to the Mayo Clinic, treatment for gout often includes taking medications to reduce inflammation and pain or medications that prevent gout complications by lowering the amount of uric acid in the blood.

Some of the medications used in treatment may include:

  • Advil
  • Motrin IB
  • Indocin
  • Tivorbex
  • Celebrex
  • Colcrys
  • Gloperba
  • Mitigare
  • Corticosteroids
  • Aloprim
  • Lopurin
  • Zyloprim
  • Probalan

Click here for more information on treating gout.